Energy independent vehicles: the biggest market to come

March 31, 2016 // By Julien Happich
According to IDTechEx's latest report, "Future Powertrains 2016-2036", the main powertrain options for land vehicles over the next twenty years could quickly narrow down from conventional ICE (internal combustion engine), HEV (Hybrid Electric) and EV (pure electric) to energy independent vehicles (EIV).

In the coming decades the improvement and choice of land vehicle powertrain will mainly be dictated by emissions conformance at best cost/ performance compromise, not independently performance, cost and fuel economy as in the past, explains IDTechEx' Chairman Dr Peter Harrop.

And as laws tighten and technology improves, upfront cost, cost of ownership and resale price issues are likely to favour pure electric vehicles over conventional ICE or hybrid solutions, Harrop expects. Pure electric is already the norm for most small land e-vehicles such as electric bicycles, mobility for the disabled, scooters, e-tuktuks, e-rickshaws and other micro EVs, such as "quadricycle" homologation in Europe, he notes in the report.

Taking indoor forklifts, electric airport ground support equipment (GSE), but also three-wheeled micro EVs as examples, IDTechEx' Chairman observes that many microcars are jumping directly from ICE to pure electric.

But the real findings of this report is the arrival of new powertrains including 48V mild hybrids (MH) (set to replace much conventional ICE and non-plug-in strong hybrid) and energy independent vehicles (EIV), the ultimate goal for an emission-free future.

Powertrain options for land vehicles
Source: IDTechEx Research report, "Future Powertrains 2016-2036"